Chord Formulas

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Chord Formulas

Table of chord formulas for musicians, improvisers & composers. Colors can be used to memorize the formulae.

Major Red

Minor Blue

Dominant Green

 

Music Of The Spheres


Learn guitar with an innovative system taught at my private music school in London. It introduces 4 new colors of chord tonality called

 

CHROMASONICS

 

 

In music theory, all chords are formulated from the major scale of the root of the chord. 2 notes constitute the quality of a chord. They are divided into 3 categories MAJOR MINOR and DOMINANT. Chord theory can be complex to understand if you don't know your key signatures, cycle of 4ths and 5ths and the formulae. When soloing or playing over changes like jazz chord progressions you have to phrase around the main notes of the chords or resolve your melodies on the arpeggio of the chord, to attain a musical pleasing effect or sound. If you replace a 3b or natural 3rd with a 4th then the chord becomes a Sus or Sus4 chord. Sus is short for Sustained.

 

MAJOR

Name & Formula
Symbol


Major

 

1, 3, 5

 


None

or

Major

Add Nine

 

1, 3, 5, 9

maj/9

/9

 

Major

Flat Nine

 

1, 3, 5, b9

majb9

 

Major

Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 11

maj/11

/11

 

Major

Add Eleventh Flat Nine

 

1, 3, 5, b9, 11

 

maj/11b9
/11b9

 

Major

Add Nine Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 9, 11

maj/9/11

/9/11

 

Major

Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5

majb5

b5

 

Major
Flat Five
Add Nine

 

1, 3, b5, 9

majb5/9

 

Major
Flat Five Flat Nine

 

1, 3, b5, b9

majb5b9

 

Major
Flat Five
Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, b5, 11

majb5/11

 

Major
Flat Five

Add Eleventh Flat Nine

 

1, 3, b5, b9, 11

majb5/11b9

 

Major Sharp Five
(Augmented)

 

1, 3, #5

Aug

+

 

Augmented
Add Nine

 

1, 3, #5, 9

Aug/9

+/9

 

Augmented
Flat Nine

 

1, 3, #5, b9

Augb9

+b9

 

Augmented
Add Eleven

 

1, 3, #5, 11

Aug/11

+/11

 

Augmented
Add Eleven Flat Nine

 

1, 3, #5, b9, 11

 

Aug/11b9 +/11b9

 

Augmented
Add Nine Add Eleven

 

1, 3, #5, 9, 11

 

Aug/9/11 +/9/11

 

Major Sixth

 

1, 3, 5, 6

 

maj6
▲6

M6

 

Major Sixth
Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5, 6

 

maj6b5

6b5

▲6b5

 

Major Sixth

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, #5, 6


maj6+

6+

▲6+

 

Major Sixth Ninth

 

1, 3, 5, 6, 9

 


maj69

69

6/9

▲69

 

Major Sixth Ninth

Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5, 6, 9


maj69b5
69b5
▲69b5

 

Major Sixth Ninth

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, #5, 6, 9

 


maj69#5

69#5
69+
▲69#5

 

Major Sixth

Flat Nine

 

1, 3, 5, 6, b9

 

maj6b9
6b9
▲6b9

 

Major Sixth
Flat Five Flat Nine

 

1, 3, b5, 6, b9

 

maj6b5b9 6b5b9 ▲6b5b9

 

Major Sixth
Sharp Five Flat Nine

 

1, 3, #5, 6, b9

maj6b9+ 6b9+
▲6b9+

 

Major Sixth

Add Eleven

 

1, 3, 5, 6, 11


maj6/11
6/11
▲6/11

 

Major Sixth Ninth

Add Eleven

 

1, 3, 5, 6, 9, 11

 

maj69/11 69/11
▲69/11

 

Major Sixth

Flat Five Add Eleven

 

1, 3, b5, 6, 11

 

maj6b5/11
6b5/11 ▲6b5/11

 

Major Sixth

Sharp Five Add Eleven

 

1, 3, #5, 6, 11

 

maj6#5/11 6#5/11 ▲6#5/11

 

Major Sixth Ninth

Flat Five Add Eleven

 

1, 3, b5, 6, 9, 11

 

maj69b5/11 69b5/11 ▲69b5/11

 

Major Sixth Ninth

Sharp Five Add Eleven

 

1, 3, #5, 6, 9, 11

 

maj69#5/11 69#5/11 ▲69#5/11

 

Major Sixth

Flat Nine Add Eleven

 

1, 3, 5, 6, b9, 11

 

maj6/11b9 6/11b9 ▲6/11b9

 

Major Sixth

Flat Five

Flat Nine Add Eleven

 

1, 3, b5, 6, b9, 11

 

maj6b5/11b9 6b5/11b9 ▲6b5/11b9

 

Major Sixth

Sharp Five

Flat Nine Add Eleven

 

1, 3, #5, 6, b9, 11

 

maj6+/11b9 6+/11b9 ▲6+/11b9

 

Major Sixth Seventh

 

1, 3, 5, 6, 7

 

maj67

▲67 M67

 

Major Sixth Seventh

Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5, 6, 7

 

 

ma67b5 maj67b5
67b5

▲67b5

Major Sixth Seventh

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, #5, 6, 7

 

ma67#5 maj67#5
▲67#5 ma67+ maj67+

▲67+

 

Major Seventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7

 

ma7, maj7

▲7, M7

 

Major Seventh

Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5, 7

 

ma7b5

▲7b5

M7b5

 

Major Seventh

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7

 

ma7#5

▲7#5

M7+

 

Major Seventh

Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 11

 

ma7/11
▲7/11
M7/11

 

Major Seventh

Flat Five Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, b5, 7, 11

 

ma7b5/11 ▲7b5/11 M7b5/11

Major Seventh

Sharp Five Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, #5, 7, 11

 

 

ma7#5/11 ▲7#5/11 M7#5/11

ma7+/11 ▲7+/11 M7+/11

 

Major Ninth

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 9

 

ma9

maj9

▲9

M9

 

Major Ninth

Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b, 7, 9

 

ma9b5

▲9b5

M9b5

 

Major Ninth

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7, 9

 

ma9#5

▲9#5

M9#5

 

Major Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11

 

ma11

▲11

M11


Major Eleventh

Flat Five

 

1, 3, b5, 7, 9, 11

 

ma11b5 ▲11b5
M11b5

 

Major Eleventh

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7, 9, 11

 

ma11#5 ▲11#5

M11+

 

Major Thirteenth

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13

 

ma13

maj13

M13

 

Major Thirteenth

Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b, 7, 9, 13

 

ma13b5 ▲13b5

M13b5

 

Major Thirteenth

Flat Five Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5b, 7, 9, 11, 13

 

ma13b5/11 ma11b5/13
M13b5
/11 ▲13b5/11

Major Thirteenth

Sharp Five Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5#, 7, 9, 11, 13

 

 

ma13#5/11 ma11#5/13 M13#5/11 ▲13#5/11 ma13+/11 ma11+/13
M13+
/11 ▲13+/11

 

Major Thirteenth

Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7, 9, 13


ma13#5 ▲13#5
M13+

Major Thirteenth

Add Eleven

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13

 

ma13/11 ma11/13
M13/11 ▲13/11

 

Major Seventh

Add Eleven

 

1, 3, 5, 7, 11

 

ma7/11 maj7/11
M7/11

 

 

MINOR

 

Name & Formula
Symbol

 

Minor

 

1, 3b, 5

 

min

mi

m

-

 

Minor Augmented

 

1, 3b, 5#

 

 

min.aug

mi.aug

m+

-+

 

Diminished

(Triad)

 

1, 3b, 5b

 

dim

Minor Add Nine

 

1, 3b, 5, 9

min/9

mi/9

m/9

-/9

 

Minor Sixth

 

1, 3b, 5, 6

 

 

min6

mi6

m6

-6

 

Minor Seventh

 

1, 3b, 5, 7b

min7

mi7

m7

-7

 

Minor Ninth

 

1, 3b, 5, 7b, 9

 

min9

mi9

m9

-9


Minor Thirteenth

 

1, 3b, 5, 7b, 9, 13

 

min13
mi13
m13

-13

 

Minor Sixth Seventh

 

1, 3b, 5, 6, 7b

 

 

min67

mi67

m67

-67

 

Minor Sixth Major Seventh

 

1, 3b, 5, 6, 7b

min6ma7

mi6ma7 m6ma7
-6▲7

Minor Sixth Ninth

 

1, 3b, 5, 6, 9

 

 

min69

mi69

m6/9

m69
-69

Minor Major Seventh

 

1, 3b, 5, 7

 

min.maj7

mi.ma7
-M7
m▲7
miMa7

Minor Major Ninth

 

1, 3b, 5, 7, 9

 

 

min.maj9

mi.ma9
-M9
m▲9
miMa9

 

Minor Major Eleventh

 

1, 3b, 5, 7, 9, 11

 

 

min.maj11

mi.ma11

-M11

m▲11


Minor Major Thirteenth

 

1, 3b, 5, 7, 9, 13

 

 

min.maj13

mi.ma13

-M13

m▲13

 

Diminished Seventh

(Quadrad)

 

1, 3b, 5b, 6

 

 

dim7th

dim7

o7th

o7

o

 

Half-Diminished or

Minor Seventh Flat Five

 

1, 3b, 5b, 7b

 

min7b5

m7b5

Ø7

Ø

 

Diminished Major Seventh

 

1, 3b, 5b, 7

 

 

dim.ma7th

dim7
dim▲7

o▲7

 

Diminished Major Ninth

 

1, 3b, 5b, 7, 9

 

 

dim.ma9th

dim9
dim▲9

o▲9

 

Diminished Major Eleventh

 

1, 3b, 5b, 7, 9, 11

 

dim.ma11th

dim▲11

o▲11

 

Diminished Major Thirteenth

 

1, 3b, 5b, 7, 9, 13

 

dim.ma13th

dim▲13

o▲13

 


DOMINANT

   
Name & Formula
Symbol

 

Seventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7b

7

7th

 

Ninth

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9

 

9

9th

 

Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9, 11

11

11th

 

Thirteenth

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9, 13

13

13th

 

Thirteenth
Add Eleventh

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9, 11, 13

13/11

13th/11

 

Seventh Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7b

7#5

7+

 

Seventh Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b, 7b

7b5

 

Ninth Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7b, 9

9#5

9+

 

Ninth Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b, 7b, 9

9b5

 

Eleventh Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7b, 9, 11

11#5

11+

 

Eleventh Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b, 7b, 9, 11

11#5

11+

 

Thirteenth Sharp Five

 

1, 3, 5#, 7b, 9, 13

13#5

13+

 

 

Sixth Seventh

 

1, 3, 5, 6, 7b

67

 

Seventh Sharp Nine

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9#

7#9

7+9

 

Seventh Flat Nine

 

1, 3, 5, 7b, 9b

 

7b9

 

Seventh Sharp Five Sharp Nine

 

1, 3, 5#, 7b, 9#

 

7#5#9

7+5+9

 

Seventh Flat Five Sharp Nine

 

1, 3, 5b, 7b, 9#

 

7b5#9

7b5+9

 

Seventh Flat Five Flat Nine

 

1, 3, 5b, 7b, 9b

7b5b9

 

 



BASIC TRIADS

 

Name & Formula
Symbol

 

Major

 

1, 3, 5

 

None

 

Minor

 

1, 3b, 5

 

min

mi

m

-

 

Augmented

 

1, 3, 5#

Aug

+

 

Diminished

 

1, 3b, 5b

dim

 

Sus4, Sus

 

1, 4, 5

sus4

sus

 

Sus2

 

1, 5, 9

sus2

 

Major Flat Five

 

1, 3, 5b

 

majb5

mab5

▲b5

 

Minor Augmented

 

1, 3b, 5#

 

min.aug mi.aug

m+

-+

 


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